Vocalise-étude en forme de habanera

The short piece for low voice and piano was written in March 1907, and was commissioned by A.-L. Hettich as one of a series of studies by contemporary composers for use in his voice classes at the Conservatoire. It was subsequently arranged in various instrumental versions, including one for violin and piano, under the title Pièce en forme de habanera.

It was composed at about the same time that Ravel was working on two other major works with a Spanish background, the Rapsodie espagnole - which also features another Habanera - and the opera L'Heure espagnole.