In 1920, the critic Henri Collet wrote an article (in the January issue of Comoedia) entitled "Les cinq Russes, les six Franšais, et Satie", in which he identified six young French composers as forming a significant group in contemporary music. What they had in common was more to do with age and friendship than with musical style, but the label stuck and their works were programmed together.
Among their common influences were Jean Cocteau and Erik Satie, both of whom took a critical view of Ravel's music at that period. Insofar as the Groupe des Six represented an iconoclastic avant-garde, Ravel was for them part of the musical establishment, and he experienced strained relationships with several of them at various times. The appearance of his opera L'Enfant et les sortilèges in 1925 did much to alter their view of him.