Song by Ravel (written in April 1906), to a text by the symbolist poet Henri de Régnier (1864-1936), from his collection Tel qu'on songe published in 1892. Ravel's attachment to Régnier was previously evident when the poet wrote the epigraph to Jeux d'eau on Ravel's manuscript.
"Moussorgsky, plus encore que Debussy, généralement reconnu ici, reste le modèle secret de cette page énigmatique, enfiévrée peut-être par un goût frustré du voyage..." (Marnat  p.216).
The song was dedicated to Jacques Durand, Ravel's publisher. The first performance was given by the soprano Hélène Luquiens and Ravel on 8 June 1907, at a concert in Le Havre organised by Georges Jean-Aubry for the Cercle de l'Art Moderne. (At the same concert they also gave the first performance of another Ravel song Sainte, written ten years earlier.)
The text of the Les grands vents venus d'outremer can be found on the Lied and Song Texts Page.